Human-machine interaction technology has greatly evolved during the past decade, but manual and speech modalities remain the only available output channels with apparent information transfer limits. Prototypes of the brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) based on monitoring the gaze are being developed by some research groups and have a potential to convey human commands or even intentions to machines using oculomotor control. This devise would be of great help to patients with spine cord injuries who are nearly totally paralyzed but can still move their eyes. However, the drawback of the gaze-control BCIs is their poor precision. To improve precision of the human-machine interaction we plan to combine eye tracking with unobtrusive acquisition of electrical activity in the brain (EEG).
This research is carried out in cooperation with Dr S.L. Shishkin, head of the Laboratory for Neuroergonomy and Brain-Computer Interfaces, Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Moscow.